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10 Fast Facts About Oregon:
1/ The largest Indian Reservation in Oregon covers an area of 2651.58 square kilometers (1,023.78 square meters). It is owned and run by the CTWS which are formed by three tribes, Warm Springs, Paiute and Wasco. There was an estimated tribal enrollment of 4200 people in 2003.
2/ There have only been three astronauts that were born in Oregon. These were James Dutton (born in Eugene), Stanley David Griggs (born in Portland), and Donald Pettit (born in Silverton).
3/ The state nickname of Oregon is the Beaver State and was adopted as the state's official mammal in 1969. Other animals that are also 'official' state symbols include the Chinook Salmon (State Fish), and Western Meadowlark (State Bird).
4/ Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14th, 1859. Founded as a refuge from disputes over slavery, Oregon had a "whites only" clause in its original state Constitution.
5/ The largest fungus (mushroom) colony in the world can be found in theStrawberry Mountains, which is in the East of Oregon at the Malheur National Forest. The type of mushroom species is the Armillaria solidipes, which is a brown dome topped mushroom that spans an area of 2,200 acres (8.9 square kilometers) and is estimated to be 2,400 years old.
It is estimated that the total weight of all the fungus could be as much as 605 tons, and that if the colony is considered to be a single organism, then it is the largest known organism in the world by area, and is a rival to the aspen grove "Pando" (a clonal colony of a single male Quaking Aspen found in Fishlake National Forest in Utah) as the organism with the highest living biomass.
6/ The five cities that have the largest populations in Oregon according to the 2010 US Census are:
7/ The lowest ever recorded temperature in Oregon was at the town of Seneca in Grant County on the 10th February 1933, when the temperature dropped to a decidedly chilly -54 F (-48 centigrade).
The highest ever temperature in contrast was at Pendleton in Umatilla County on the 10th August 1898 when the temperature rose to 119 F (48 centigrade)
8/ Oregon has historically had one of the largest salmon-fishing industries in the world and there is in fact a special state body called The Oregon Salmon Commission which was set up in 1983 to oversee the industry in the state.
9/ Nike has its headquarters in Beaverton, Oregon and had a market capitalization of $49.33 billion as of the 23rd March 2012. The name of the company comes from the Greek Goddess of Victory, and the company employs over 30,000 people worldwide. Nike is one of only two Fortune 500 companies that have their companies headquarters in Oregon according to The Oregonian, the other being Precision Castparts which is an industrial goods and metal fabrication company headquartered in Portland, Oregon.
10/ To date the video on of a sperm whal being exploded on the beach at Florence, Oregon on the 12th Novemebr 1970 has had over 2.7 million views on YouTube and sparked a whole wave of further uploads of other videos of more exploding creatures including wasps nest, cows, sharks and countless whales of different types.