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10 Fast Facts About Montana:
1/ The official state flag of Montana (see below) is essentially the state seal superimposed on a blue rectangular background. It was adopted in 1905 and shows a pick and shovel and a plough on Montana soil. It is supposed to symbolize the states mineral and agricultural heritage and opportunities. You can also see the state's natural beauty portrayed by the open mountain scenery and below the seal in a banner is the states motto, Oro Y Plata, which is Spanish for Gold and Silver. The word 'Montana' was added above the scene in 1981, and the specific font that the word Montana should be written with was specifically set down in 1985.
Montana's state flag has been rated as the 70th worst out of the state flags of the USA and Canada (out of 72). Only Nebraska and Georgia (who subsequently changed the design of their flag in 2003) were felt to have worst state flag designs (New Mexico was voted as the best), when the public were surveyed in 2001.
2/ Montana has the 8th highest average elevation of any of the states at 3,400 feet (1040 meters). Whilst the highest point in Montana can be found at Granite Peak which is a height of 12,807 feet ((3904 meters).
3/ If you are a lover of Golden Eagles, then possibly the best plce on the planet to see them is an area that is west of Great Falls Montana, which lies on the direct path of their migration. If you get (very) lucky then it is possible to see up to 200 Golden Eagles in a single day during their migration period.
4/ The official state flower of Montana is the Bitterroot, the official sate bird is the Western Meadowlark, and the official state mammal is the Grizzly Bear.
5/ It has been shown that there are over 4,000 breeding pairs of Pelican each year on average at Medicine Lake in Montana, which makes it one of the biggest pelican colonies in the US.Studies by the U.S. (There are only four that are bigger in the United States as a whole).
6/ In 2010, the Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks Division estimated that there were 117,880 Elk in Montana, 281,160 Mule Deer and 216,632 Antelope for a total of 615,672 animals. This compared to a human population of 989,415 according to the 2010 US Census.
7/ If you would like to see Bison in the wild then you can still do so at the National Bison Range in Moise, Montana. This wildlife refuge was set up in 1908 and holds a herd of wild bison that ranges between 350 and 500 animals.
Herds of wild bison are incredibly rare because they were hunted almost to the point of extinction and so large herds quickly gathered hunters in numbers to kill them during the 19th Century. In fact, Yellowstone has the only herd that has continued to be wild since records began (and only because of peculiar land layouts that made the herd largely inaccessible during the great culls). The herd numbers between three thousand and three thousand five hundred in number, but ALL of those aare descended from just twenty-three wild bison who survived the culls and mass slaughter living in the Pelican Valley at Yellowstone.
8/ If we count up the number of indian reservations that uyou can find in Montana, then you will find that there are seven. These seven are: Fort Belknap, Fort Peck, Flathead, Rocky Boy, Blackfeet, Northern Cheyenne and Crow. There is also one tribe that is landless, the Little Shell Chippewa. Of these the Blackfeet Tribe is the largest in terms of number of individuals, with the Bureau of Indian Affairs estimating the tribal enrollment to be 15,873 individuals in 2003.
9/ In 1997, the Montana Legislature passed into law MCA 20-1-306, designating the fourth Friday in September as
American Indian Heritage Day. Under this law, schools are to conduct appropriate exercises during the school
day. In addition, November is nationally designated as "Native American Heritage Month."
10/ On average, approximately 1,030 black bears were killed in Montana annually between 1987 and 2006 under official 'harvesting' licenses according to a January 2011, "Black Bear Harvest Research & Management In Montana" report that was issued by the Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks Department.